Ideas of Iris Murdoch, by Theme

[British, 1919 - 1998, Born in Dublin. Famous novelist. At Oxford University]

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1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 2. Invocation to Philosophy
An unexamined life can be virtuous
1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 5. Aims of Philosophy / d. Philosophy as puzzles
Philosophy must keep returning to the beginning
1. Philosophy / E. Nature of Metaphysics / 3. Metaphysical Systems
Philosophy moves continually between elaborate theories and the obvious facts
15. Nature of Minds / C. Capacities of Minds / 6. Idealisation
We know perfection when we see what is imperfect
21. Aesthetics / B. Nature of Art / 1. Defining Art
We should first decide what are the great works of art, with aesthetic theory following from that
21. Aesthetics / B. Nature of Art / 8. The Arts / b. Literature
Literature is the most important aspect of culture, because it teaches understanding of living
21. Aesthetics / C. Artistic Issues / 6. Value of Art
Great art proves the absurdity of art for art's sake
21. Aesthetics / C. Artistic Issues / 7. Art and Morality
Art and morals are essentially the same, and are both identical with love
Because art is love, it improves us morally
Appreciating beauty in art or nature opens up the good life, by restricting selfishness
22. Metaethics / A. Value / 2. Values / f. Love
Love is realising something other than oneself is real
Love is a central concept in morals
Ordinary human love is good evidence of transcendent goodness
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 1. Virtue Theory / c. Particularism
If I attend properly I will have no choices
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / d. Teaching virtue
It is hard to learn goodness from others, because their virtues are part of their personal history
Art trains us in the love of virtue
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / j. Unity of virtue
Moral reflection and experience gradually reveals unity in the moral world
Only trivial virtues can be possessed on their own
23. Ethics / F. Existentialism / 1. Existentialism
Man is a brave naked will, separate from a background of values and realities
23. Ethics / F. Existentialism / 7. Existential Action
Kantian existentialists care greatly for reasons for action, whereas Surrealists care nothing
Only a philosopher might think choices create values
28. God / A. Divine Nature / 6. Divine Morality / c. God is the good
Moral philosophy needs a central concept with all the traditional attributes of God