Ideas of David Roochnik, by Theme

[American, fl. 1990, Professor at Iowa State University.]

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1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 1. Philosophy
You have to be a Platonist to debate about reality, so every philosopher is a Platonist
1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 5. Aims of Philosophy / b. Philosophy as transcendent
Philosophy aims to satisfy the chief human desire - the articulation of beauty itself
2. Reason / A. Nature of Reason / 2. Logos
'Logos' ranges from thought/reasoning, to words, to rational structures outside thought
In the seventeenth century the only acceptable form of logos was technical knowledge
The hallmark of a person with logos is that they give reasons why one opinion is superior to another
Logos cannot refute the relativist, and so must admit that it too is a matter of desire (for truth and agreement)
Human desire has an ordered structure, with logos at the pinnacle
Logos is not unconditionally good, but good if there is another person willing to engage with it
2. Reason / A. Nature of Reason / 4. Aims of Reason
We prefer reason or poetry according to whether basics are intelligible or not
2. Reason / A. Nature of Reason / 8. Naturalising Reason
Modern science, by aiming for clarity about the external world, has abandoned rationality in the human world
2. Reason / A. Nature of Reason / 9. Limits of Reason
Attempts to suspend all presuppositions are hopeless, because a common ground must be agreed for the process
Unfortunately for reason, argument can't be used to establish the value of argument
7. Existence / D. Theories of Reality / 3. Reality
Reality can be viewed neutrally, or as an object of desire
13. Knowledge Criteria / E. Relativism / 6. Relativism Critique
Relativism is a disease which destroys the possibility of rational debate
19. Language / F. Communication / 1. Rhetoric
If relativism is the correct account of human values, then rhetoric is more important than reasoning
Reasoning aims not at the understanding of objects, but at the desire to give beautiful speeches