Ideas of Augustine, by Theme

[Greek, 354 - 430, Born at Thagaste. Studied in Milan. Bishop of Hippo, in North Africa. Died there.]

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7. Existence / A. Nature of Existence / 1. Nature of Existence
Three main questions seem to be whether a thing is, what it is, and what sort it is
7. Existence / A. Nature of Existence / 2. Types of Existence
I prefer a lack of form to mean non-existence, than to think of some quasi-existence
11. Knowledge Aims / B. Certain Knowledge / 4. The Cogito
I must exist in order to be mistaken, so that even if I am mistaken, I can't be wrong about my own existence
12. Knowledge Sources / B. Perception / 1. Perception
Our images of bodies are not produced by the bodies, but by our own minds [Aquinas]
12. Knowledge Sources / C. Rationalism / 1. Rationalism
Our minds grasp reality by direct illumination (rather than abstraction from experience) [Matthews]
12. Knowledge Sources / E. Direct Knowledge / 4. Memory
Mind and memory are the same, as shown in 'bear it in mind' or 'it slipped from mind'
Why does joy in my mind make me happy, but joy in my memory doesn't?
We would avoid remembering sorrow or fear if that triggered the emotions afresh
I can distinguish different smells even when I am not experiencing them
Memory contains innumerable principles of maths, as well as past sense experiences
15. Nature of Minds / A. Nature of Mind / 6. Anti-Individualism
Memory is so vast that I cannot recognise it as part of my mind
16. Persons / D. Continuity of the Self / 2. Mental Continuity / a. Memory is Self
Without memory I could not even speak of myself
16. Persons / F. Free Will / 6. Determinism / a. Determinism
If the future does not exist, how can prophets see it?
17. Mind and Body / A. Mind-Body Dualism / 2. Interactionism
The contact of spirit and body is utterly amazing, and incomprehensible
18. Thought / B. Mechanics of Thought / 5. Mental Files
Memories are preserved separately, according to category
20. Action / B. Preliminaries of Action / 2. Willed Action / a. Will to Act
Augustine created the modern concept of the will [Matthews]
22. Metaethics / A. Value / 2. Values / f. Love
Love, and do what you will
22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 1. Goodness / b. Types of good
Pagans produced three hundred definitions of the highest good [Grayling]
22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 2. Happiness / c. Value of happiness
Everyone wants happiness
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 2. Duty
Augustine said (unusually) that 'ought' does not imply 'can' [Matthews]
27. Natural Reality / D. Time / 1. Nature of Time / c. Idealist time
Maybe time is an extension of the mind
To be aware of time it can only exist in the mind, as memory or anticipation [Bardon]
27. Natural Reality / D. Time / 1. Nature of Time / g. Growing block
How can ten days ahead be a short time, if it doesn't exist?
27. Natural Reality / D. Time / 1. Nature of Time / h. Presentism
If the past is no longer, and the future is not yet, how can they exist?
27. Natural Reality / D. Time / 1. Nature of Time / i. Denying time
The whole of the current year is not present, so how can it exist?
27. Natural Reality / D. Time / 2. Passage of Time / a. Experience of time
I know what time is, until someone asks me to explain it
27. Natural Reality / D. Time / 2. Passage of Time / h. Change in time
I disagree with the idea that time is nothing but cosmic movement
27. Natural Reality / E. Cosmology / 3. The Beginning
Heaven and earth must be created, because they are subject to change
28. God / A. Divine Nature / 5. God and Time
If God existed before creation, why would a perfect being desire to change things? [Bardon]
If God is outside time in eternity, can He hear prayers?
All things are in the present time to God
29. Religion / B. Monotheistic Religion / 4. Christianity / d. Heresy
Augustine identified Donatism, Pelagianism and Manicheism as the main heresies [Matthews]
29. Religion / D. Religious Issues / 3. Problem of Evil / b. Human Evil
Augustine said evil does not really exist, and evil is a limitation in goodness [Perkins]