green numbers give full details.     |    back to list of philosophers     |     expand these ideas

Ideas of John Charvet, by Text

[British, fl. 2019, Professor at London School of Economics.]

2019 Liberalism: the basics
Intro p.-3 Liberalism asserts maximum freedom, but that must be equal for all participants
Intro p.-2 Liberals promote community and well-being - because all good societies need them
02 p.8 The rule of law is mainly to restrict governments
02 p.9 The 1689 Bill of Rights denied the monarch new courts, or the right to sit as judge
02 p.9 From 1701 only parliament could remove judges, whose decisions could not be discussed
02 p.11 Justice superior to the rule of law is claimed on behalf of the workers, or the will of the nation
02 p.13 The rule of law mainly benefits those with property and liberties
03 p.18 Allowing defamatory speech is against society's interests, by blurring which people are trustworthy
05 p.41 Give by ability and receive by need, rather than a free labour market
05 p.42 Modern libertarian societies still provide education and some housing
05 p.48 Welfare is needed if citizens are to accept the obligations of a liberal state
06 p.62 Liberals value freedom and equality, but the society itself must decide on its values
06 p.62 Egalitarian liberals prefer equality (either of input or outcome) to liberty
07 p.65 'Freedom from' is an empty idea, if the freedom is not from impediments to my desires
07 p.68 Positive freedom can lead to coercion, if you are forced to do what you chose to do
07 p.73 Societies need shared values, so conservatism is right if rational discussion of values is impossible
07 p.77 Liberalism needs people to either have equal autonomy, or everyone to have enough autonomy
08 p.86 Mere equality, as in two trees being the same height, has no value at all
08 p.100 Identity multiculturalism emerges from communitarianism, preferring community to humanity
08 p.101 For communitarians it seems that you must accept the culture you are born into
10 p.126 Inequalities are worse if they seem to be your fault, rather than social facts
10 p.128 First level autonomy is application of personal values; second level is criticising them
11 p.145 Money allows unlimited inequalities, and we obviously all agree to money
12 p.157 The universalism of utilitarianism implies a world state
14 p.174 Kant places a higher value on the universal rational will than on the people asserting it
14 p.179 People with strong prior beliefs would have nothing to do with a veil of ignorance
14 p.181 Rawls's theory cannot justify liberalism, since it presupposes free and equal participants