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Ideas of Yuval Noah Harari, by Text

[Israeli, fl. 2014, Lecturer World History, Hebrew University of Jerusalem.]

2014 Sapiens: brief history of humankind
02 'Legend' p.29 If a group is bound by gossip, the natural size is 150 people
03 'Talking' p.60 Animism is belief that every part of nature is aware and feeling, and can communicate
12 'Battle' p.245 Dualist religions see everything as a battleground of good and evil forces
12 'Battle' p.246 Dualist religions say the cosmos is a battleground, so canít explain its order
12 'Battle' p.246 In order to explain both order and evil, a single evil creator is best, but no one favours that
12 'Battle' p.248 Manichaeans and Gnostics: good made spirit, evil made flesh
12 'Benefits' p.238 Most polytheist recognise one supreme power or law, behind the various gods
12 'Benefits' p.239 Polytheism is open-minded, and rarely persecutes opponents
12 'God' p.242 Monotheism appeared in Egypt in 1350 BCE, when the god Aten was declared supreme
12 'Silencing' p.236 Mythologies are usual contracts with the gods, exchanging devotion for control of nature
12 'Worship' p.258 The Nazi aim was to encourage progressive evolution, and avoid degeneration
13 'Hindsight' p.266 The more you know about history, the harder it becomes to explain
13 'Hindsight' p.269 History teaches us that the present was not inevitable, and shows us the possibilities
14 'Discovery' p.275 Since 1500 human population has increased fourteenfold, and consumption far more
14 'Ignoramus' p.279 The Scientific Revolution was the discovery of our own ignorance
14 'Ignoramus' p.282 We stabilise societies with dogmas, either of dubious science, or of non-scientific values
16 'Columbus' p.353 Financing is increasingly through credit rather than taxes; people prefer investing to taxation
16 'Cult' p.367 No market is free of political bias, and markets need protection of their freedoms
16 'Growing' p.349 The sacred command of capitalism is that profits must be used to increase production
16 'Growing' p.351 The main rule of capitalism is that all other goods depend on economic growth
16 'Growing' p.352 The progress of capitalism depends entirely on the new discoveries and gadgets of science
17 'Age' p.390 In capitalism the rich invest, and the rest of us go shopping
17 'Intro' p.375 For millenia people didn't know how to convert one type of energy into another
18 'Collapse' p.401 In 1750 losing your family and community meant death
18 'Collapse' p.402 The state fostered individualism, to break the power of family and community
18 'Pax' p.415 Real peace is the implausibility of war (and not just its absence)
18 'Permanent' p.392 People 300m tons; domesticated animals 700m tons; larger wild animals 100m tons
19 'Counting' p.418 Freedom may work against us, as individuals can choose to leave, and make fewer commitments
19 'Counting' p.426 Money does produce happiness, but only up to a point