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Ideas of Pascal Engel, by Text

[French, fl. 2002, Taught at the Sorbonne, Paris.]

2002 Truth
1.1 p.11 Are truth-bearers propositions, or ideas/beliefs, or sentences/utterances?
1.1 p.11 The coherence theory says truth is an internal relationship between groups of truth-bearers
1.1 p.14 In "if and only if" (iff), "if" expresses the sufficient condition, and "only if" the necessary condition
1.2 p.25 We can't explain the corresponding structure of the world except by referring to our thoughts
1.3 p.27 Any coherent set of beliefs can be made more coherent by adding some false beliefs
1.5 p.35 Pragmatism is better understood as a theory of belief than as a theory of truth
2.2 p.44 The redundancy theory gets rid of facts, for 'it is a fact that p' just means 'p'
2.4 p.50 Maybe there is no more to be said about 'true' than there is about the function of 'and' in logic
2.4 p.53 Deflationism must reduce bivalence ('p is true or false') to excluded middle ('p or not-p')
2.5 p.54 Deflationism seems to block philosophers' main occupation, asking metatheoretical questions
2.5 p.57 Deflationism cannot explain why we hold beliefs for reasons
2.5 p.57 Our beliefs are meant to fit the world (i.e. be true), where we want the world to fit our desires
3.3 p.86 Mental states as functions are second-order properties, realised by first-order physical properties
4.2 p.110 The Humean theory of motivation is that beliefs may be motivators as well as desires
5.2 p.133 'Evidentialists' say, and 'voluntarists' deny, that we only believe on the basis of evidence
5.2 p.134 We cannot directly control our beliefs, but we can control the causes of our involuntary beliefs