green numbers give full details.     |    back to list of philosophers     |     expand these ideas

Ideas of John Rawls, by Text

[American, 1921 - 2002, Born at Baltimore. Professor at Harvard University.]

1958 Justice as fairness: Political not Metaphysical
p.37 The maximisation of happiness must be done fairly [Smart]
1972 A Theory of Justice
p.32 Utilitarians lump persons together; Rawls somewhat separates them; Nozick wholly separates them [Swift]
p.78 A fair arrangement is one that parties can agree to without knowing how it will benefit them personally [Williams,B]
p.85 The social contract has problems with future generations, national boundaries, disabilities and animals [Nussbaum]
p.100 Rawls defends the priority of right over good [Finlayson]
p.102 Rawls's account of justice relies on conventional fairness, avoiding all moral controversy [Gray]
p.121 Why does the rational agreement of the 'Original Position' in Rawls make it right? [Nagel]
p.133 The original position models the idea that citizens start as free and equal [Swift]
03 p.12 Choose justice principles in ignorance of your own social situation
46 p.303 All desirable social features should be equal, unless inequality favours the disadvantaged
17 p.102 Justice concerns not natural distributions, or our born location, but what we do about them
46 p.302 Liberty Principle: everyone has an equal right to liberties, if compatible with others' liberties
p.245 p.150 Human injustice is not a permanent feature of communities
p.379 p.229 If an aggression is unjust, the constraints on how it is fought are much stricter
p.74,104 p.119 Utilitarianism inappropriately scales up the individual willingness to make sacrifices [Nagel]
1987 The Idea of Overlapping Consensus
p.376 In a pluralist society we can't expect a community united around one conception of the good
1993 Political Liberalism
p.217 p.23 Power is only legitimate if it is reasonable for free equal citizens to endorse the constitution
p.254 p.249 Check your rationality by thinking of your opinion pronounced by the supreme court
1999 The Law of Peoples
p.115-8 p.267 Rawls rejected cosmopolitanism because it doesn't respect the autonomy of 'peoples' [Shorten]