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Ideas of Owen Flanagan, by Text

[American, fl. 1992, Professor at Duke University.]

2002 The Problem of the Soul
Pref p.-8 People believe they have free will that circumvents natural law, but only an incorporeal mind could do this
p. 14 p.14 Philosophy needs wisdom about who we are, as well as how we ought to be
p. 14 p.14 We resist science partly because it can't provide ethical wisdom
p. 16 p.16 Emotions are usually very apt, rather than being non-rational and fickle
p. 17 p.17 Ethics is the science of the conditions that lead to human flourishing
p. 60n p.60 Normal free will claims control of what I do, but a stronger view claims control of thought and feeling
p. 65 p.65 Cars and bodies obey principles of causation, without us knowing any 'strict laws' about them
p. 73n p.73 Explanation does not entail prediction
p. 87 p.87 Only you can have your subjective experiences because only you are hooked up to your nervous system
p. 90 p.90 Physicalism doesn't deny that the essence of an experience is more than its neural realiser
p.102 p.102 People largely came to believe in dualism because it made human agents free
p.104 p.104 Free will is held to give us a whole list of desirable capacities for living
p.107 p.107 We only think of ourselves as having free will because we first thought of God that way
p.136 p.136 In the 17th century a collisionlike view of causation made mental causation implausible
p.141 p.141 Behaviourism notoriously has nothing to say about mental causation
p.145 p.145 Intellectualism admires the 'principled actor', non-intellectualism admires the 'good character'
p.161 p.161 For Buddhists a fixed self is a morally dangerous illusion
p.166n p.166 The Hindu doctrine of reincarnation only appeared in the eighth century CE
p.178 p.178 We only have a sense of our self as continuous, not as exactly the same
p.181 p.181 The idea of the soul gets some support from the scientific belief in essential 'natural kinds'
p.240 p.240 The self is an abstraction which magnifies important aspects of autobiography
p.260 p.260 We are not born with a self; we develop a self through living
p.301n p.301 Cognitivists think morals are discovered by reason
2007 The Really Hard Problem
2 'Darwin' p.47 For Darwinians, altruism is either contracts or genetics
2 'Expanding' p.58 Alienation is not finding what one wants, or being unable to achieve it
3 'Buddhism' p.68 Buddhists reject God and the self, and accept suffering as key, and liberation through wisdom
3 'Ontology' p.90 Research suggest that we overrate conscious experience
3 'Ontology' p.94 Sensations may be identical to brain events, but complex mental events don't seem to be
4 'Naturalism' p.126 Morality is normative because it identifies best practices among the normal practices
4 'Normative' p.107 We need Eudaimonics - the empirical study of how we should flourish