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Ideas of Michael J. Sandel, by Text

[American, b.1953, Taught at Oxford University, and then Harvard University.]

1982 Liberalism and the Limits of Justice
p.96 Choosers in the 'original position' have been stripped of most human characteristics [Tuckness/Wolf]
p.86 p.25 The self is 'unencumbered' if it can abandon its roles and commitments without losing identity [Shorten]
1984 Procedural republic and unencumbered self
p.7 Liberalism concerns rights, and communitarianism concerns the common good [Avineri/De-Shalit]
'Kantian' p.159 Kant's moral law has no foundation - because that would undermine its priority
'Present' p.171 Modern liberal rights in democracies protect individuals against the majority
'The right' p.157 Liberals say rights always come first, and justice is neutral on social values
'Transcendental' p.163 Liberal justice means the withdrawal of the self, as transcendental or as unencumbered
1988 Beyond Individualism
p.35 p.35 Passion for progress is always short-lived
p.38 p.38 Conservatives are either individualistic, or communal
p.45 p.45 Modern liberalism fails to articulate a vision of the common good
1998 The Limits of Communitarianism
'Free speech' p.258 In the liberal view an insult to my group doesn't hurt me, since I'm defined by choices not groups
'Free speech' p.258 If persons define themselves by a group membership, insults to that group are a real harm
'Religious' p.257 The case for religious liberty depends on the religion contributing to a morally good life
'Where' p.252 I can't defend the view that the majority values of a community are thereby right
2009 Justice: What's the right thing to do?
01 p.19 Justice concerns how a society distributes what it prizes - wealth, rights, power and honours
01 p.19 We can approach justice through welfare, or freedom, or virtue
05 p.124 The categorical imperative is not the Golden Rule, which concerns contingent desires
05 p.130 Man cannot dispose of himself, because he is not a thing to be owned
05 p.132 Speak truth only to those who deserve the truth
05 p.137 Careful evasions of truth at least show respect for it
05 p.138 A just constitution harmonises the different freedoms
06 p.140 Just visiting (and using roads) is hardly ratifying the Constitution
06 p.142 Not all deals are fair deals
06 p.143 A ratified constitution may not be a just constitution
06 p.144 Does consent create the obligation, or must there be some benefit?
06 p.149 Moral contracts involve both consent and reciprocity; making the deal, and keeping it
06 p.157 Libertarians just want formal equality in a free market; the meritocratic view wants fair equality
07 p.170 Should we redress wrongs done by a previous generation?
07 p.179 Distributive justice concern deserts, as well as who gets what
08 p.190 Teleological thinking is essential for social and political issues
08 p.203 Work is not fair if it is negotiated, even in a fair situation, but if it suits the nature of the worker
09 p.221 Liberal freedom was a response to assigned destinies like caste and class
10 p.261 Justice is about how we value things, and not just about distributions