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Ideas of Parmenides, by Text

[Greek, c.515 - 445 BCE, Born in Elea, nr Naples. Taught by Xenophanes. Founder of Eleatic school. Zeno of Elea his pupil. Revered visitor to Athens in old age.]

474BCE fragments/reports
p.13 There could be movement within one thing, as there is within water [Aristotle]
p.24 What could have triggered the beginning [of time and being]?
p.28 People who say that the cosmos is one forget that they must explain movement [Aristotle]
p.78 The one can't be divisible, because if it was it could be infinitely divided down to nothing [Simplicius]
p.91 Defenders of the One say motion needs the void - but that is not part of Being [Aristotle]
p.192 It is feeble-minded to look for explanations of everything being at rest [Aristotle]
p.241 The one is without any kind of motion
p.357 Parmenides at least saw Being as the same as Nous, and separate from the sensed realm [Plotinus]
p.384 He was the first person to say the earth is spherical [Diog. Laertius]
p.384 He taught that there are two elements, fire the maker, and earth the matter [Diog. Laertius]
p.385 He was the first to discover the identity of the Morning and Evening Stars [Diog. Laertius]
p.385 Only reason can prove the truth of facts
p.497 The void can't exist, and without the void there can't be movement or separation [Aristotle]
A24 p.62 Reason sees reality as one, the senses see it as many [Aristotle]
A25 p.61 Something must be unchanging to make recognition and knowledge possible [Aristotle]
A28 p.56 Parmenides was much more cautious about accepting ideas than his predecessors [Simplicius]
A46 p.65 Parmenides treats perception and intellectual activity as the same [Theophrastus]
B02 p.42 The first way of enquiry involves necessary existence
B02 p.42 The realm of necessary non-existence cannot be explored, because it is unknowable
B06 p.58 There is no such thing as nothing
B08 ll.? p.43 No necessity could produce Being either later or earlier, so it must exist absolutely or not at all
B08 ll.? p.43 Being must be eternal and uncreated, and hence it is timeless
B08 ll.? p.44 Being is not divisible, since it is all alike
B08 ll.? p.44 All our concepts of change and permanence are just names, not the truth
B08 ll.? p.44 Necessity sets limits on being, in order to give it identity
B08 ll.? p.44 Thinking implies existence, because thinking depends on it
B08 ll.? p.44 Reality is symmetrical and balanced, like a sphere, with no reason to be greater one way rather than another