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23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 3. Universalisability

[seeing rules for action as universal guidelines]

22 ideas
Mozi condemns partiality, which is the cause of all the great harms in the world [Mozi]
Those who are against impartiality still prefer impartial protectors [Mozi]
The essence of propriety is consistency [Cicero]
Rational people are self-interested, but also desire the same goods for other people [Spinoza]
A rational person will want others to have the goods he seeks for himself [Spinoza]
Almost any precept can be consistently universalized [MacIntyre on Kant]
No one would lend money unless a universal law made it secure, even after death [Kant]
Universality determines the will, and hence extends self-love into altruism [Kant]
You can't have a morality which is supplied by the individual, but is also genuinely universal [Hegel, by MacIntyre]
When my personal freedom becomes involved, I must want freedom for everyone else [Sartre]
Moral judgements must invoke some sort of principle [Hare]
We don't have a duty to ensure that others do their duty [Williams,B]
If the self becomes completely impartial, it no longer has enough identity to worry about its interests [Williams,B]
Why should I think of myself as both the legislator and the citizen who follows the laws? [Williams,B]
Check your rationality by thinking of your opinion pronounced by the supreme court [Rawls]
In ethics we abstract from our identity, but not from our humanity [Nagel]
The general form of moral reasoning is putting yourself in other people's shoes [Nagel]
As far as possible we should become instruments to realise what is best from an eternal point of view [Nagel]
If we can decide how to live after stepping outside of ourselves, we have the basis of a moral theory [Nagel]
We should see others' viewpoints, but not lose touch with our own values [Nagel]
As soon as we drop self-interest and judge impartially, we find ourselves agreeing about conflicts [Scruton]
One can universalise good advice, but that doesn't make it an obligation [Finlayson]