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5. Theory of Logic / E. Structures of Logic / 1. Logical Form

[structure of a sentence relevant to its logical role]

36 ideas
Aristotle places terms at opposite ends, joined by a quantified copula [Aristotle, by Sommers]
For Aristotle, the subject-predicate structure of Greek reflected a substance-accident structure of reality [Aristotle, by O'Grady]
Stoics avoided universals by paraphrasing 'Man is...' as 'If something is a man, then it is...' [Stoic school, by Long]
'Man is a rational mortal animal' is equivalent to 'if something is a man, that thing is a rational mortal animal' [Sext.Empiricus]
Frege replaced Aristotle's subject/predicate form with function/argument form [Frege, by Weiner]
A thought can be split in many ways, so that different parts appear as subject or predicate [Frege]
Convert "Jupiter has four moons" into "the number of Jupiter's moons is four" [Frege]
Vagueness, and simples being beyond experience, are obstacles to a logical language [Russell]
Leibniz bases everything on subject/predicate and substance/property propositions [Russell]
'Elizabeth = Queen of England' is really a predication, not an identity-statement [Russell, by Lycan]
In a logically perfect language, there will be just one word for every simple object [Russell]
Romulus does not occur in the proposition 'Romulus did not exist' [Russell]
A statement's logical form derives entirely from its constituents [Wittgenstein]
Wittgenstein says we want the grammar of problems, not their first-order logical structure [Wittgenstein, by Horsten/Pettigrew]
Apparent logical form may not be real logical form [Wittgenstein]
Reduction to logical forms first simplifies idioms and grammar, then finds a single reading of it [Quine]
There are no rules for the exact logic of ordinary language, because that doesn't exist [Strawson,P]
Translating into quantificational idiom offers no clues as to how ordinary thinkers reason [Sommers]
There is a huge range of sentences of which we do not know the logical form [Davidson]
A theory of truth in a language must involve a theory of logical form [Harman]
Logical form is the part of a sentence structure which involves logical elements [Harman]
Our underlying predicates represent words in the language, not universal concepts [Harman]
We regiment to get semantic structure, for evaluating arguments, and understanding complexities [Stalnaker]
We now have a much more sophisticated understanding of logical form in language [Burge]
Logical form is the aspects of meaning that determine logical entailments [Horwich]
Thoughts have a dual aspect: as they seem to introspection, and their underlying logical reality [McGinn]
Sentences of apparent identical form can have different contextual meanings [Devlin]
Is it the sentence-token or the sentence-type that has a logical form? [Fine,K]
Finding the logical form of a sentence is difficult, and there are no criteria of correctness [Shapiro]
'Propositional functions' are propositions with a variable as subject or predicate [Maddy]
Logical Form explains differing logical behaviour of similar sentences [Swoyer]
Logical form can't dictate metaphysics, as it may propose an undesirable property [Schaffer,J]
In proof-theory, logical form is shown by the logical constants [Rossberg]
Logical formalization makes concepts precise, and also shows their interrelation [Horsten/Pettigrew]
Propositions can be analysed as pairs of terms glued together by predication [Engelbretsen]
Logical syntax is actually close to surface linguistic form [Engelbretsen]