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19. Language / A. Nature of Meaning / 3. Meaning as Speaker's Intention

[meaning is what speaker's want to communicate]

9 ideas
Language co-exists with consciousness, and makes it social [Marx/Engels]
When I utter a sentence, listeners grasp both my meaning and my state of mind [Ryle]
Meaning needs an intention to induce a belief, and a recognition that this is the speaker's intention [Grice]
Only the utterer's primary intention is relevant to the meaning [Grice]
We judge linguistic intentions rather as we judge non-linguistic intentions, so they are alike [Grice]
Meaning is not fixed by a relation to the external world, but a relation to other speakers [Habermas, by Finlayson]
It seems unlikely that meaning can be reduced to communicative intentions, or any mental states [Fodor]
Grice thinks meaning is inherited from the propositional attitudes which sentences express [Fodor]
If meaning is speaker's intentions, it can be reduced to propositional attitudes, and philosophy of mind [McGinn]