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12. Knowledge Sources / B. Perception / 6. Inference in Perception

[inference is an essential part of perception]

20 ideas
Perception must be an internal matter, because we can fail to perceive when we are preoccupied [Diogenes of Apollonia, by Theophrastus]
Particular facts (such as 'is it cooked?') are matters of sense-perception, not deliberation [Aristotle]
Molyneux's Question: could a blind man distinguish cube from sphere, if he regained his sight? [Locke]
Truth arises among sensations from grounding reasons and from regularities [Leibniz]
Appearances have a 'form', which indicates a relational order [Kant]
I immediately know myself, and anything beyond that is an inference [Fichte]
In man the lowest senses of smell and taste elevate themselves to intellectual acts [Feuerbach]
Most perception is one-tenth observation and nine-tenths inference [Mill]
The evidence of the senses is falsified by reason [Nietzsche]
Broad rejects the inferential component of the representative theory [Broad, by Maund]
Inference in perception is unconvincingly defended as non-conscious and almost instantaneous [Harré/Madden]
Experiences have no conceptual content [Evans, by Greco]
We have far fewer colour concepts than we have discriminations of colour [Evans]
Maybe explaining the mechanics of perception will explain the concepts involved [Fodor]
Perception has proto-propositions, between immediate experience and concepts [Peacocke]
If perception is much richer than our powers of description, this suggests that it is non-conceptual [Crane]
Sense evidence is not beliefs, because they are about objective properties, not about appearances [Pollock/Cruz]
Perception is a mode of belief-acquisition, and does not involve sensation [Lowe]
One thesis says we are not aware of qualia, but only of objects and their qualities [Maund]
The Myth of the Given claims that thought is rationally supported by non-conceptual experiences [Maund]