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14. Science / B. Scientific Theories / 7. Scientific Models

[theoretical structures aimed at mapping reality]

7 ideas
The models we use in reasoning may be more like perceptions than like language [Johnson-Laird]
In the 'received view' models are formal; the 'semantic view' emphasises representation [Portides, by PG]
Theoretical models can represent, by mapping onto the data-models [Portides]
Representational success in models depends on success of their explanations [Portides]
The best model of the atomic nucleus is the one which explains the most results [Portides]
Models are theory-driven, or phenomenological (more empirical and specific) [Portides]
'Model' belongs in a family of concepts, with representation, idealisation and abstraction [Portides]