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8. Modes of Existence / D. Universals / 3. Instantiated Universals

[universals only existing in actual things]

12 ideas
Colour must be in an individual body, or it is not embodied [Aristotle]
No universals exist separately from particulars [Aristotle]
Past, present and future must be equally real if universals are instantiated [Armstrong]
Universals are abstractions from states of affairs [Armstrong]
Universals are abstractions from their particular instances [Armstrong, by Lewis]
Universals aren't parts of things, because that relationship is transitive, and universals need not be [Lewis]
Located universals are wholly present in many places, and two can be in the same place [Oliver]
If universals ground similarities, what about uniquely instantiated universals? [Oliver]
Aristotle's instantiated universals cannot account for properties of abstract objects [Oliver]
The One-In-Many view says universals have abstract existence, but exist in particulars [Moreland]
An immanent universal is wholly present in more than one place [Zimmerman,DW]
Why should a universal's existence depend on instantiation in an existing particular? [Bird]