more from Cynthia Macdonald

Single Idea 7929

[catalogued under 9. Objects / C. Structure of Objects / 7. Substratum]

Full Idea

The three main theories of substance are the bundle theory (Leibniz, Berkeley, Hume, Ayer), the bare substratum theory (Locke and Bergmann), and the essentialist theory.

Gist of Idea

A substance is either a bundle of properties, or a bare substratum, or an essence


Cynthia Macdonald (Varieties of Things [2005], Ch.3)

Book Reference

Macdonald,Cynthia: 'Varieties of Things' [Blackwell 2005], p.81

A Reaction

Macdonald defends the essentialist theory. The essentialist view immediately appeals to me. Properties must be OF something, and the something must have the power to produce properties. So there.