more from R.D. Ingthorsson

Single Idea 22617

[catalogued under 26. Natural Theory / C. Causation / 8. Particular Causation / b. Causal relata]

Full Idea

It is now accepted as a fact of modern science that unidirectional actions do not exist, and that all interactions are instead thoroughly reciprocal.

Gist of Idea

Science now says all actions are reciprocal, not unidirectional


R.D. Ingthorsson (A Powerful Particulars View of Causation [2021], 3.10)

Book Reference

'Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Time', ed/tr. Callender,Craig [OUP 2013], p.59

A Reaction

Ingthorsson says this undermines the standard traditional view (Hobbes etc) of Agent and Patient, with A having active powers and P having passive powers. All influences are mutual, it seems. Passive powers are active structures?