more from S.Mumford/R.Lill Anjum

Single Idea 14576

[catalogued under 14. Science / A. Basis of Science / 6. Falsification]

Full Idea

Smoking disposes towards cancer, and has its way in many instances. The existence of some smokers without cancer, however, does nothing to falsify this dispositional claim.

Gist of Idea

Smoking disposes towards cancer; smokers without cancer do not falsify this claim


S.Mumford/R.Lill Anjum (Getting Causes from Powers [2011], 7.5)

Book Reference

Anjum,R.J./Mumford,S.: 'Getting Causes from Powers' [OUP 2011], p.165

A Reaction

Indeed, falsification by one instance will only work against absolute and universal claims, and nature contains hardly any of those.