more from Michael Williams

Single Idea 3571

[catalogued under 13. Knowledge Criteria / C. External Justification / 1. External Justification]

Full Idea

From an externalist point of view, knowing about one's reliability is not required for 'first-order' knowledge.

Gist of Idea

Externalism does not require knowing that you know


Michael Williams (Problems of Knowledge [2001], Ch. 2)

Book Reference

Williams,Michael: 'Problems of Knowledge' [OUP 2001], p.31

A Reaction

Ah. 'First-order knowledge' - what's that? What we used to call 'true belief', I would say. Adequate for animals, and a good guide to daily life, but uncritical and unjustifiable.