more from Epictetus

Single Idea 23329

[catalogued under 16. Persons / F. Free Will / 1. Nature of Free Will]

Full Idea

Progress is when any of you turns to his own faculty of choice, working at it and perfecting it, so as to bring it fully into harmony with nature; elevated, free, unrestrained, unhindered, faithful, self-respecting.

Gist of Idea

We make progress when we improve and naturalise our choices, asserting their freedom


Epictetus (The Discourses [c.56], 1.04.18)

Book Reference

Epictetus: 'The Discourses, The Handbook, Fragments', ed/tr. Gill,C [Everyman 1995], p.13

A Reaction

[See also Disc.3.5.7] Rationality is the stoic concept of being in 'harmony with nature'. It appears (from reading Frede) that this may be the FIRST EVER reference to free will. Note the very rhetorical way in which it is presented.

Related Idea

Idea 23328 The essences of good and evil are in dispositions to choose [Epictetus]