more from Carneades

Single Idea 21674

[catalogued under 16. Persons / F. Free Will / 6. Determinism / b. Fate]

Full Idea

Carneades used to say that not even Apollo could tell any future events except those whose causes were so held together that they must necessarily happen.

Gist of Idea

Even Apollo can only foretell the future when it is naturally necessary


report of Carneades (fragments/reports [c.174 BCE]) by M. Tullius Cicero - On Fate ('De fato') 14.32

Book Reference

Cicero: 'On Fate, Stoic Paradoxes, Oratory', ed/tr. Rackham,H. [Harvard Loeb 1942], p.229

A Reaction

Carneades is opposing the usual belief in divination, where even priests can foretell contingent future events to some extent. Careneades, of course, was defending free will.